Acknowledgements and Contact

A Project of the Pacific WildLife Foundation
Assembled: Jim Darling
Maps and Design: Josie Byington
Logo: Tom Middleton
Funding provided by Pacific WildLife Foundation and The Kayak Foundation at The Calgary Foundation.

The example ICAs presented here are the result of a review of a wide array of studies and mapping projects in BC and Southeast Alaska, as well as discussion with the Rob Butler, Graeme Ellis, John Ford, Linda Nichol, Jan Straley and Rob Williams.

Photo Credits:
Home: Jim Darling
Birds: Tom Middleton
What Are ICAs: Jim Darling
Criteria: James Pilkington
ICA1: Rob Butler, Jim Maya
ICA2: Jim Darling
ICA3:
ICA4: James Pilkington
ICA5:
ICA6: Flip Nicklin, Jan Straley

Contact: ica@pwlf.org

 

References

ICA1 - Southern Vancouver Island - Gulf Islands

Published Papers

Bigg, M.A. 1982. An assessment of killer whale (Orcinus orca) stocks off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm., 32: 655–666 .

Bigg, M.A., Olesiuk P.F., Ellis G.M., Ford J.K.B., and Balcomb K.C. III. 1990. Social organization and genealogy of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm. 12(Spec. Issue): 383–405.

Darling, J.D., Keogh, K.E., and Steeves, T.M. 1998. Gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) habitat utilization and prey species off Vancouver Island, B.C. Marine Mammal Science, 14(4):692-720

Ford, J.K.B., and Fisher, H.D. 1982. Killer whale (Orcinus orca) dialects as an indicator of stocks in British Columbia. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm. 32:671–679.

Ford, J.K.B. 1989. Acoustic behaviour of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 67: 727-745.

Ford, J.K.B. 1991. Vocal traditions among resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal waters of British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 69: 1454-1483.

Ford, J.K.B., Ellis, G.M, and Balcomb, K.C. 2000. Killer whales: the natural history and genealogy of Orcinus orca in the waters of British Columbia and Washington. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC, and University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.

Olesiuk, P.F., Bigg, M.A., and Ellis, G.M. 1990. Life history and population dynamics of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. Special Issue 12: 209-242.

Technical Reports

Bigg, M.A., MacAskie, I.B., and Ellis, G. 1976. Abundance and movements of killer whales off eastern and southern Vancouver Island with comments on management. Arctic Biological Station, Canadian Dept. of Fisheries and Environment, Ste Anne-de-Bellevue, QC.

Butler, R.W. and R. S. MacVicar. 2013. Field Observations of Gray Whales in Boundary Bay, British Columbia, 1991-2012. Pacific WildLife Foundation Technical Report Number 2 (on line at www.pwlf.org)

Davidson, P., Butler, R.W. Couturier, A., Marquez, S., and LePage, D. 2010. Status and Distribution of Marine Birds and Mammals in the Southern Gulf Islands, British Columbia. Pacific Wildlife Foundation, Port Moody, B.C.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2008. Recovery strategy for the northern and southern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa. 81pp.

Ford, J.K.B. 2006. An assessment of critical habitats of resident killer whales in waters off the Pacific coast of Canada. Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2006/072.

Helbig, R. 1985. Gray Whales in Boundary Bay 1980-1985. Unpublished Report. Available Pacific Wildlife Foundation, Port Moody BC. 9 pp.

Olesiuk, P.F., Ellis, G.M., and Ford, J.K.B. 2005. Life history and population dynamics of northern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2005/045.

Websites

http://www.Clayoquotwhales.ca (Humpback Whale information)

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/343923.pdf (Resident Killer Whale Catalog)

 

ICA2 - West Coast Vancouver Island

Published Papers and Books

Arima, E., and Hoover, A. 2011. The whaling people of the west coast of Vancouver Island and Cape Flattery. Royal BC Museum, Victoria, Canada, 272 pp.

Calambokidis, J., Darling, J.D., Deeke, V., Gerrin, P. Gosho, M., Megill, W., Tombach, C. M., Goley, D., Toropova, C., and Gisborne, B. 2002. Abundance, range and movements of a feeding aggregation of gray whales (Eschritius robustus) from California to southeast Alaska in 1998. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 4(3): 267-271.

Calambokidis, J., Steiger, G.H., Rasmussen, K., Urban, J., Balcomb, K.C., Ladron de Guevara, P., Salinas, M., Jacobsen, J.K., Baker, C.S. Herman, L.M., Cerchio, S., and Darling, J. 2000. Migratory destinations of humpback whales that feed off California, Oregon and Washington. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 192:295-304.

Darling, J.D. 1984. Gray whales off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In: The Gray Whale Eschrictius robustus. Ed. by: M.L. Jones, S.L. Swartz., and S. Leatherwood. Academic Press, New York. pp. 267-287.

Darling, J.D., Keogh, K.E., and Steeves, T.M. 1998. Gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) habitat utilization and prey species off Vancouver Island. B.C. Marine Mammal Science, 14(4): 692-720.

Duffus, D.A. 1996. The recreational use of grey whales in southern Clayoquot Sound, Canada. Applied Geography 16: 179-190.

Frasier, T.R., Koroscil, S.M., White, B.W. and Darling, J.D. 2011. Assessment of population substructure in relation to summer feeding ground use in the eastern North Pacific gray whale. Endangered Species Research, 14:39-48.

Hatler, D.F. and Darling, J.D. 1974. Recent observations of the gray whale in British Columbia. Canadian Field Naturalist 88: 449-459.

Kim, S.L., and Oliver, J.S. 1986. Side-scan sonar estimates of the utilization of gray whale feeding grounds along Vancouver Island, Canada. Continental Shelf Research 6: 639-654.

Murison, L.D., Murie, D.J., Morin, K.R., and Curiel, J.S. 1984. Foraging of the gray whale along the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In: The Gray Whale Eschrictius robustus. Ed. by M.L. Jones, S. Leatherwood and S. Swartz. Academic Press, NY. pp. 451-463.

Oliver, J.S., Slattery, P.N., Silberstein, A., and O’Connor, E.F. 1984. Gray whale feeding on dense ampleiscid amphipod communities near Bamfield, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62: 41-49.

Pike, G.C., and MacAskie, I.B. 1969. Marine mammals of British Columbia. Bulletin 171. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. Ottawa. 55 pp.

Technical Reports

Ford, J.K.B., Abernethy, R.M., Phillips, A.V., Calambokidis, J., Ellis, G.M., and Nichol, L.M. Distribution and relative abundance of cetaceans in western Canadian waters from ship surveys, 2002-2008. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2913. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC. 51 pp.

Nichol, L.M., Abernethy, R., Flostrand, L., Lee, T.S. and Ford, J.K.B. 2009. Information relevant to the identification of critical habitats of North Pacific humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in British Columbia. Can. Sci. Adv. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/116.

Websites

http://www.Clayoquotwhales.ca (Humpback Whale information)

 

ICA3 - North Vancouver Island

Published Papers and Books

Bigg, M.A. 1982. An assessment of killer whale (Orcinus orca) stocks off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm. 32:655–666 .

Bigg M.A., Olesiuk P. F., Ellis, G.M., Ford J.K.B., and Balcomb, K.C. III. 1990. Social organization and genealogy of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm. 12 (Spec. Issue): 383–405.

Clarke, C.L., and Jamieson, G.S. 2006. Identification of ecologically and biologically significant areas in the Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area: Phase 1 – Identification of Important Areas. Can Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2678: 89 pp.

Darling, J.D. 1984. Gray whales off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In: The Gray Whale Eschrictius robustus. Ed. by: M.L. Jones, S.L. Swartz, and S. Leatherwood. Academic Press, New York. pp. 267-287.

Darling, J.D., Keogh, K.E., and Steeves, T.M. 1998. Gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) habitat utilization and prey species off Vancouver Island, B.C. Marine Mammal Science, 14(4): 692-720.

Ford J.K.B., and Fisher H. D. 1982. Killer whale (Orcinus orca) dialects as an indicator of stocks in British Columbia. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm. 32: 671–679.

Ford, J.K.B. 1989. Acoustic behaviour of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 67: 727-745.

Ford, J.K.B. 1991. Vocal traditions among resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal waters of British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 69: 1454-1483.

Ford, J.K.B., Ellis, G.M. and Balcomb K.C. 2000. Killer whales: the natural history and genealogy of Orcinus orca in the waters of British Columbia and Washington. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC, and University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.

Gregr, E.J., and Trites, A.W. 2001. Predictions of critical habitat for five whale species in the waters of coastal British Columbia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58:1265-1285.

Gregr, E. J., Nichol, L., Ford, J. K. B., Ellis, G., and Trites, A. W. 2000. Migration and population structure of northeastern Pacific whales off coastal British Columbia: An analysis of commercial whaling records from 1908-1967. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 16(4): 699-727.

Ford, J.K.B., Durban, J.W., Ellis, G M., Towers, J.R., Pilkington, J.F. Barrett-Lennard, L.B., and Andrews, R.D. 2012. New insights into the northward migration route of gray whales between Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and southeastern Alaska. Marine Mammal Science. ( In Press).

Olesiuk, P.F., Bigg, M.A., and Ellis, G.M. 1990. Life history and population dynamics of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. Special Issue 12: 209-242.

Stelle, L.L., Megill, W.M., and Kinzel, M.R. 2008. Activity budget and diving behavior of gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) in feeding grounds of coastal British Columbia. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 24: 462-478.

Williams, R., and Thomas, L. 2007. Distribution and abundance of marine mammals in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 9(1): 15-28.

Williams, R., and O’Hara, P. 2010.Modelling ship strike risk to fin, humpback and killer whales in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 11(1): 1-8.

Williams, R., Ashe, E., and O’Hara, P.D. 2011. Marine mammals and debris in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 1303-1316.

Technical Reports

Bigg M. A., MacAskie, I.B., and Ellis, G. 1976. Abundance and movements of killer whales off eastern and southern Vancouver Island with comments on management. Arctic Biological Station, Canadian Dept. of Fisheries and Environment, Ste Anne-de-Bellevue, QC.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2008. Recovery strategy for the northern and southern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa. 81pp.

Ford J.K.B. 2006. An assessment of critical habitats of resident killer whales in waters off the Pacific coast of Canada. Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2006/072.

Ford, J.K.B., Abernethy, R M., Phillips, A.V., Calambokidis, J., Ellis, G.M., and Nichol, L. M. Distribution and relative abundance of cetaceans in western Canadian waters from ship surveys, 2002-2008. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2913. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC. 51 pp.

Nichol, L.M., Abernethy, R., Flostrand, L., Lee, T.S., and Ford, J.K.B. 2009. Information relevant to the identification of critical habitats of North Pacific humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in British Columbia. Can. Sci. Adv. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/116.

Nichol, L.M. and Ford, J.K.B. 2011. Information relevant to the assessment of critical habitat for Blue, Fin, Sei and North Pacific Right Whales in British Columbia. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2011. 31 pp.

Olesiuk, P.F., Ellis, G.M., and Ford, J.K.B. 2005. Life history and population dynamics of northern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2005/045.

Websites

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/343923.pdf (Resident Killer Whale Catalog)

http://www.bcmca.ca (British Columbia Marine Conservation Analysis)

http://pncima.org/site/atlas.html (Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area Atlas)

 

ICA4 - Hecate Strait

Published Papers and Books

Clarke, C.L., and Jamieson, G.S. 2006. Identification of ecologically and biologically significant areas in the Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area: Phase 1 – Identification of Important Areas. Can Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2678: 89 pp.

Gregr, E.J., and Trites, A.W. 2001.Predictions of critical habitat for five whale species in the waters of coastal British Columbia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58: 1265-1285.

Gregr, E.J., Nichol, L., Ford, J.K.B., Ellis, G., and Trites, A. W. 2000. Migration and population structure of northeastern Pacific whales off coastal British Columbia: An analysis of commercial whaling records from 1908-1967. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 16(4): 699-727.

Ford, J.K.B., Durban, J.W., Ellis, G.M., Towers, J.R., Pilkington, J.F. Barrett-Lennard, L.B., and Andrews, R.D. 2012. New insights into the northward migration route of gray whales between Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and southeastern Alaska. Mar. Mamm. Sci. ( In Press).

Williams, R., and Thomas, L. 2007. Distribution and abundance of marine mammals in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 9(1): 15-28.

Williams, R., and O’Hara, P. 2010. Modelling ship strike risk to fin, humpback and killer whales in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 11(1): 1-8.

Williams, R., Ashe, E., and O’Hara, P. D. 2011. Marine mammals and debris in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 1303-1316.

Technical Reports

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2008. Recovery strategy for the northern and southern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa. 81pp.

Ford J.K.B, Ellis, G.M., and Nichol, L.M. 1992. Killer whales of the Queen Charlotte Islands. A preliminary study of the abundance, distribution, and population identity of Orcinus orca in the waters of Haida Gwaii, South Moresby/Haida Gwaii Haanas National Parks Reserve, Canadian Parks Service, Queen Charlotte City.

Ford J.K.B. 2006. An assessment of critical habitats of resident killer whales in waters off the Pacific coast of Canada. Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2006/072.

Ford, J.K.B., Abernethy, R.M., Phillips, A.V., Calambokidis, J., Ellis, G.M., and Nichol, L.M. 2008. Distribution and relative abundance of cetaceans in western Canadian waters from ship surveys, 2002-2008. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2913. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC. 51 pp.

Nichol, L.M., Abernethy, R., Flostrand, L., Lee, T.S., and Ford, J.K.B. 2009. Information relevant to the identification of critical habitats of North Pacific humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in British Columbia. Can. Sci. Adv. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/116.

Nichol, L.M., and Ford, J.K.B. 2011. Information relevant to the assessment of critical habitat for Blue, Fin, Sei and North Pacific Right Whales in British Columbia. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res., Doc 2011. 31 pp.

Websites

http://www.bcmca.ca (British Columbia Marine Conservation Analysis)

http://pncima.org/site/atlas.html (Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area Atlas)

 

ICA5 - Dixon Entrance

Published Papers

Clarke, C.L., and Jamieson, G.S. 2006. Identification of ecologically and biologically significant areas in the Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area: Phase 1 – Identification of Important Areas. Can Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2678: 89 pp.

Ford, J.K.B., Durban, J W., Ellis, G.M., Towers, J.R., Pilkington, J.F., Barrett-Lennard, L.B., and Andrews, R.D. 2012. New insights into the northward migration route of gray whales between Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and southeastern Alaska. Mar. Mamm. Sci. ( In Press).

Gregr, E.J. and Trites, A.W. 2001.Predictions of critical habitat for five whale species in the waters of coastal British Columbia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58:1265-1285.

Gregr, E J., Nichol, L., Ford, J.K.B., Ellis, G., and Trites, A.W. 2000. Migration and population structure of northeastern Pacific whales off coastal British Columbia: An analysis of commercial whaling records from 1908-1967. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 16(4):699-727.

Mate, B., Mesecar, R., and Lagerquist, B. 2007. The evolution of satellite-monitored radio tags for large whales: One laboratory’s experience. Deep-Sea Research 11 54: 224-247.

Pike, G. C. and MacAskie, I. B. 1969. Marine mammals of British Columbia. Bulletin 171. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. Ottawa. 55 pp.

Williams, R., and Thomas, L. 2007. Distribution and abundance of marine mammals in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 9(1): 15-28.

Williams, R., and O’Hara, P. 2010.Modelling ship strike risk to fin, humpback and killer whales in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 11(1): 1-8.

Williams, R., Ashe, E., and O’Hara, P.D. 2011. Marine mammals and debris in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62: 1303-1316.

Technical Reports

Ford J.K.B, Ellis F.M., and Nichol, L.M. 1992. Killer whales of the Queen Charlotte Islands. A preliminary study of the abundance, distribution, and population identity of Orcinus orca in the waters of Haida Gwaii, South Moresby/Haida Gwaii Haanas National Parks Reserve, Canadian Parks Service, Queen Charlotte City.

Ford, J.K.B., Abernethy, R.M., Phillips, A.V., Calambokidis, J., Ellis, G.M., and Nichol, L.M. 2008. Distribution and relative abundance of cetaceans in western Canadian waters from ship surveys, 2002-2008. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2913. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC. 51 pp.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2008. Recovery strategy for the northern and southern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa. 81pp.

Ford, J.K.B. 2006. An assessment of critical habitats of resident killer whales in waters off the Pacific coast of Canada. Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res., Doc. 2006/072.

Nichol, L.M., Abernethy, R., Flostrand, L., Lee, T.S., and Ford, J.K.B. 2009. Information relevant to the identification of critical habitats of North Pacific humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in British Columbia. Can. Sci. Adv. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/116.

Nichol, L.M., and Ford, J.K.B. 2011. Information relevant to the assessment of critical habitat for Blue, Fin, Sei and North Pacific Right Whales in British Columbia. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res., Doc 2011. 31 pp.

Websites

http://www.bcmca.ca (British Columbia Marine Conservation Analysis)

http://pncima.org/site/atlas.html (Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area Atlas)

http://mmi.oregonstate.edu/Sakhalin2011 (Gray whale migration)

 

ICA6 - Southeast Alaska - North

Published Papers/Dissertations

Baker, C.S., Straley, J.M., and Perry, A. 1992. Population characteristics of individually identified humpback whales in southeastern Alaska: Summer and fall 1986. Fisheries Bulletin, U.S. 90: 429-437.

Calambokidis, J., Darling, J.D., Deeke, V. Gerrin, P., Gosho, M., Megill, W., Tombach, C.M., Goley, D., Toropova, C., and Gisborne, B. 2002. Abundance, range and movements of a feeding aggregation of gray whales (Eschritius robustus) from California to southeast Alaska in 1998. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 4(3): 267-271.

Calambokidis, J., Steiger, G.H., Straley, J.M., Herman, L.M., Cerchio, S., Salden, D.R., Urbán, R.J., Jacobsen, J. K., von Ziegesar, O., Balcomb, K. C., Gabriele, C. M., Dahlheim, M. E., Uchida, S., Ellis, G., Miyamura, Y., Ladron de Guevara P., Yamaguchi, M., Sata, F., Mizroch, S. A., Schlender, L., Rasmussen, K., Barlow J., and Quinn, T. J. 2001. Movements and population structure of humpback whales in the North Pacific. Mar. Mam. Sci. 17: 769–974.

Dahlheim M.E, Schulman-Janiger, A., Black, N., Ternullo, R., Ellifrit, D., and Balcomb K.C. 2008. Eastern temperate North Pacific offshore killer whales (Orcinus orca): occurrence, movements, and insights into feeding ecology. Mar. Mamm. Sci 24:719–7.

Ford, J.K.B., Durban, J.W., Ellis, G.M., Towers, J.R., Pilkington, J.F., Barrett-Lennard, L.B., and Andrews, R.D. 2012. New insights into the northward migration route of gray whales between Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and southeastern Alaska. Mar. Mamm. Sci. (In Press).

Jurasz, C.M., and Jurasz, V.P. 1979. Feeding modes of the Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangilae) in southeast Alaska. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute 31: 69-83.

Sharpe, F.A. 2002. Social foraging of the southeast Alaskan humpback whale, Megaptera novaengliae. PhD, Simon Frasier University, Vancouver, BC Dissertation Abstracts International Part B: Science and Engineering [Diss. Abst. Int. Pt. B - Sci. & Eng.]. Vol. 62, no. 69, p. 3872. Mar 2002.

Straley, J.M. 1990. Fall and winter occurrence of humpback whales(Megaptera novaeangliae) in southeastern Alaska. Rep. Int. Whaling Comm. (Special Issue 12): 319-24.

Straley, J.M. 1994. Seasonal characteristics of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in southeastern Alaska. MSc Thesis, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, 121 pp.

Straley, J.M., Quinn II, T.J. and Gabriele, C.M. 2009. Assessment of mark-recapture models to estimate the abundance of a humpback whale feeding aggregation in Southeast Alaska. Journal of Biogeography 36. pp 427-438.

Witteveen, B.H., Worthy, G.A.J., and Roth, J.D. 2009. Tracing migratory movements of breeding North Pacific humpback whales using stable isotope analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol. 393: 173–183, 2009.

Technical Reports

Calambokidis, J., Falcone, E.A., Quinn, T.J., Burdin, A.M., Clapham, P.J., Ford, J.K.B., Gabriele, C.M., LeDuc, R., Mattila, D., Rojas-Bracho, L., Straley, J.M., Taylor, B.L., Urban, R.J., Weller, D., Witteveen, B.H., Wynne, K., Yamaguchi, M., Bendlin, A., Camacho, D., Flynn, K., Havron, A., Huggins J., and Maloney, N. 2008. SPLASH: Structure of populations, levels of abundance and status of humpback whales in the North Pacific. Final report for Contract AB133F-03-RP-00078. 57 pp.

Gabriele, C.M., Doherty, J.L. and Andrew III, A.G. 1997. Population characteristics of humpback whales in Glacier Bay and adjacent waters: 1997. Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve. P. O. Box 140, Gustavus, AK 99826.

Straley, J.M., C.M. Gabriele, and C.S. Baker. 1995. Seasonal characteristics of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in southeastern Alaska. Proceeding of the Third Glacier Bay Science Symposium. 1993. pp 229-238. D. Engstrom (Ed.) National Park Service, Anchorage, AK.

Websites

http://www.alaskahumpbacks.org

http://mmi.oregonstate.edu/Sakhalin2011 (Gray whale migration)

Other – Special Local Knowledge

Straley, J. M. 2012. Sitka AK. (Jan.Straley@uas.alaska.edu)

 

Home

This is a project of Pacific WildLife Foundation, 2013.

Contact us with comments at: ica@pwlf.org

Photo credits